From Middle English gon, goon, from Old English gān (“to go”), from Proto-Germanic *gāną (“to go”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₁- (“to leave”). The inherited past tense form yode (compare Old English ēode) was replaced through suppletion in the 15th century by went, from Old English wendan (“to go, depart, wend”).
Cognate with Scots gae (“to go”), West Frisian gean (“to go”), Low German gahn (“to go”), Dutch gaan (“to go”), German gehen (“to go”), Swedish and Danish gå (“to go”), Norwegian gå (“to walk”). Compare also Albanian ngah (“to run, drive, go”), Ancient Greek κιχάνω (kikhánō, “to meet with, arrive at”), Avestan ?????? (zazāmi), Sanskrit जहाति (jáhāti)
go (third-person singular simple present goes, present participle going, simple past went or (archaic) yode, past participle gone)
- To move:
- (intransitive) To move through space (especially to or through a place). (May be used of tangible things like people or cars, or intangible things like moods or information.)
- (intransitive) To move or travel through time (either literally—in a fictional or hypothetical situation in which time travel is possible—or in one's mind or knowledge of the historical record). (See also go back.)
- (intransitive) To navigate (to a file or folder on a computer, a site on the internet, a memory, etc).
- To move (a particular distance, or in a particular fashion).
- (intransitive) To move or travel in order to do something, or to do something while moving.
- (intransitive) To leave; to move away.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To walk; to travel on one's feet. [11th-19th c.]
- (intransitive, chiefly of a machine) To work or function (properly); to move or perform (as required).
- (intransitive) To start; to begin (an action or process).
- (intransitive) To take a turn, especially in a game.
- (intransitive) To attend.
- To proceed:
- (intransitive) To proceed (often in a specified manner, indicating the perceived quality of an event or state).
- (intransitive, colloquial, with another verb, sometimes linked by and) To proceed (especially to do something foolish).
- To follow or travel along (a path):
- To follow or proceed according to (a course or path).
- To travel or pass along.
- (intransitive) To extend (from one point in time or space to another).
- (intransitive) To lead (to a place); to give access to.
- (copula) To become. (The adjective that follows usually describes a negative state.)
- To assume the obligation or function of; to be, to serve as.
- (intransitive) To continuously or habitually be in a state.
- To come to (a certain condition or state).
- (intransitive) To change (from one value to another) in the meaning of wend.
- To turn out, to result; to come to (a certain result).
- (intransitive) To tend (toward a result).
- To contribute to a (specified) end product or result.
- To pass, to be used up:
- (intransitive, of time) To elapse, to pass; to slip away. (Compare go by.)
- (intransitive) To end or disappear. (Compare go away.)
- (intransitive) To be spent or used up.
- (intransitive) To die.
- (intransitive) To be discarded.
- (intransitive, cricket) To be lost or out:
- (intransitive, cricket, of a wicket) To be lost.
- (intransitive, cricket, of a batsman) To be out.
- To break down or apart:
- (intransitive) To collapse or give way, to break apart.
- (intransitive) To break down or decay.
- (intransitive) To be sold.
- (intransitive) To be given, especially to be assigned or allotted.
- (transitive, intransitive) To survive or get by; to last or persist for a stated length of time.
- (transitive, sports) To have a certain record.
- To be authoritative, accepted, or valid:
- (intransitive) To have (final) authority; to be authoritative.
- (intransitive) To be accepted.
- (intransitive) To be valid.
- To say (something), to make a sound:
- (transitive, slang) To say (something, aloud or to oneself). (Often used in present tense.)
- (transitive) To make the (specified) sound.
- (intransitive) To sound; to make a noise.
- To be expressed or composed (a certain way).
- (intransitive) To resort (to).
- To apply or subject oneself to:
- To apply oneself; to undertake; to have as one's goal or intention. (Compare be going to.)
- (intransitive) To make an effort, to subject oneself (to something).
- (intransitive) To work (through or over), especially mentally.
- To fit (in a place, or together with something):
- (intransitive, often followed by a preposition) To fit.
- (intransitive) To be compatible, especially of colors or food and drink.
- (intransitive) To belong (somewhere).
- (intransitive) To date.
- To attack:
- (intransitive) To fight or attack.
- (transitive, Australian slang) To attack.
- To be in general; to be usually.
- (transitive) To take (a particular part or share); to participate in to the extent of.
- (transitive) To yield or weigh.
- (transitive, intransitive) To offer, bid or bet an amount; to pay.
- (transitive, colloquial) To enjoy. (Compare go for.)
- (intransitive, colloquial) To urinate or defecate.
go (plural goes)
- (uncommon) The act of going.
- A turn at something, or in something (e.g. a game).
- An attempt, a try.
- An approval or permission to do something, or that which has been approved.
- An act; the working or operation.
- (slang, dated) A circumstance or occurrence; an incident.
- (dated) The fashion or mode.
- (dated) Noisy merriment.
- (slang, archaic) A glass of spirits; a quantity of spirits.
- Power of going or doing; energy; vitality; perseverance.
- (cribbage) The situation where a player cannot play a card which will not carry the aggregate count above thirty-one.
- A period of activity.
- (obsolete, British slang) A dandy; a fashionable person.
From the Japanese character 碁 (go), though it is usually called 囲碁 (igo) in Japanese, taken from the Chinese character 圍棋.
- (board games) A strategic board game, originally from China, in which two players (black and white) attempt to control the largest area of the board with their counters.