From Middle English sitten, from Old English sittan, from Proto-Germanic *sitjaną, from *set-, from Proto-Indo-European *sed- (“sit”). Cognate with West Frisian sitte, Low German sitten, Dutch zitten, German sitzen, Swedish sitta, Norwegian Bokmål sitte, Norwegian Nynorsk sitja; and with Irish suigh, Latin sedeo, Russian сиде́ть (sidétʹ).
sit (third-person singular simple present sits, present participle sitting, simple past sat or (dated, poetic) sate, past participle sat or (archaic, dialectal) sitten)
- (intransitive, of a person) To be in a position in which the upper body is upright and supported by the buttocks.
- (intransitive, of a person) To move oneself into such a position.
- (intransitive, of an object) To occupy a given position permanently.
- To remain in a state of repose; to rest; to abide; to rest in any position or condition.
- (government) To be a member of a deliberative body.
- (law, government) Of a legislative or, especially, a judicial body such as a court, to be in session.
- To lie, rest, or bear; to press or weigh.
- To be adjusted; to fit.
- (intransitive, of an agreement or arrangement) To be accepted or acceptable; to work.
- (transitive, causative) To cause to be seated or in a sitting posture; to furnish a seat to.
- (transitive) To accommodate in seats; to seat.
- (US, transitive, intransitive) To babysit.
- (transitive, Australia, New Zealand, Britain) To take, to undergo or complete (an examination or test).
- To cover and warm eggs for hatching, as a fowl; to brood; to incubate.
- To take a position for the purpose of having some artistic representation of oneself made, such as a picture or a bust.
- To have position, as at the point blown from; to hold a relative position; to have direction.
sit (plural sits)
- (mining) Subsidence of the roof of a coal mine.
- (rare, Buddhism) An event, usually lasting one full day or more, where the primary goal is to sit in meditation.