Alteration of hoise, apparently based on the past tense and participle. Compare Danish hejse, Dutch hijsen, German hissen, Italian issare (loaned from a Germanic source).
hoist (third-person singular simple present hoists, present participle hoisting, simple past and past participle hoisted or hoist)
- (transitive) To raise; to lift; to elevate (especially, to raise or lift to a desired elevation, by means of tackle or pulley, said of a sail, a flag, a heavy package or weight).
- (transitive, sports, often figuratively) To lift a trophy or similar prize into the air in celebration of a victory.
- (transitive, historical) To lift someone up to be flogged.
- (intransitive) To be lifted up.
- (transitive, computing theory) To extract (code) from a loop construct as part of optimization.
- (transitive, slang) To steal, to rob.
hoist (plural hoists)
- A hoisting device, such as pulley or crane.
- The act of hoisting; a lift.
- The perpendicular height of a flag, as opposed to the fly, or horizontal length, when flying from a staff.
- The vertical edge of a flag which is next to the staff.
- The height of a fore-and-aft sail, next the mast or stay.