From Middle English is, from Old English īs (“ice”), from Proto-Germanic *īsą (compare West Frisian iis, Dutch ijs, German Low German Ies, German Eis, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian is), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eyH-. Compare Lithuanian ýnis (“glazed frost”), Russian и́ней (ínej, “hoarfrost”), Ossetian их (ix), ех (ex, “ice”), Persian یخ (yax), Kurdish qeş.
ice (countable and uncountable, plural ices)
- (uncountable) Water in frozen (solid) form.
- (uncountable, physics, astronomy) Any frozen volatile chemical, such as ammonia or carbon dioxide.
- (uncountable, astronomy) Any volatile chemical, such as water, ammonia, or carbon dioxide, not necessarily in solid form.
- (countable) A frozen dessert made of fruit juice, water and sugar.
- (Britain, countable, dated) An ice cream.
- (uncountable) Any substance having the appearance of ice.
- (uncountable, slang) One or more diamonds.
- (uncountable, slang, drugs) Crystal form of amphetamine-based drugs.
- (uncountable, ice hockey) The area where a game of ice hockey is played.
- (slang) Money paid as a bribe.
ice (third-person singular simple present ices, present participle icing, simple past and past participle iced)
- To cool with ice, as a beverage.
- (intransitive) To become ice; to freeze.
- (transitive) To make icy; to freeze.
- (slang) To murder.
- To cover with icing (frosting made of sugar and milk or white of egg); to frost; as cakes, tarts, etc.
- (ice hockey) To put out a team for a match.
- (ice hockey) To shoot the puck the length of the playing surface, causing a stoppage in play called icing.