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From Middle English chayer, chaire, chaiere, chaere, chayre, chayere, borrowed from Old French chaiere, chaere, from Latin cathedra (“seat”), from Ancient Greek ??????? (kathédra), from ???? (katá, “down”) + ???? (hédra, “seat”). Displaced native stool and settle, which now have more specialised senses. Doublet of chaise.
chair (plural chairs)
- An item of furniture used to sit on or in, comprising a seat, legs, back, and sometimes arm rests, for use by one person. Compare stool, couch, sofa, settee, loveseat and bench.
- Clipping of chairperson.
- (music) The seating position of a particular musician in an orchestra.
- (rail transport) An iron block used on railways to support the rails and secure them to the sleepers, and similar devices.
- (chemistry) One of two possible conformers of cyclohexane rings (the other being boat), shaped roughly like a chair.
- (slang, with the) Ellipsis of electric chair
- A distinguished professorship at a university.
- A vehicle for one person; either a sedan borne upon poles, or a two-wheeled carriage drawn by one horse; a gig.
- The seat or office of a person in authority, such as a judge or bishop.