From Middle English crien, from Old French crier (“to announce publicly, proclaim, scream, shout”) (whence Medieval Latin crīdō (“to cry out, shout, publish, proclaim”)), from Frankish *krītan (“to cry, cry out, publish”), from Proto-Germanic *krītaną (“to cry out, shout”), from Proto-Indo-European *greyd- (“to shout”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian kriete (“to cry”), Dutch krijten (“to cry”) and krijsen (“to shriek”), German Low German krieten (“to cry, call out, shriek”), German kreißen (“to cry loudly, wail, groan”), Gothic ??????? (kreitan, “to cry, scream, call out”), Latin gingrītus (“the cackling of geese”), Middle Irish grith (“a cry”), Welsh gryd (“a scream”).
- (intransitive) To shed tears; to weep.
- (transitive) To utter loudly; to call out; to declare publicly.
- (transitive, intransitive) To shout, scream, yell.
- (intransitive) To utter inarticulate sounds, as animals do.
- (transitive) To cause to do something, or bring to some state, by crying or weeping.
- To make oral and public proclamation of; to notify or advertise by outcry, especially things lost or found, goods to be sold, etc.
- Hence, to publish the banns of, as for marriage.
cry (plural cries)
- A shedding of tears; the act of crying.
- A shout or scream.
- Words shouted or screamed.
- A clamour or outcry.
- (collectively) A group of hounds.
- (by extension, obsolete, derogatory) A pack or company of people.
- (of an animal) A typical sound made by the species in question.
- A desperate or urgent request.
- (obsolete) Common report; gossip.