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From Middle English rest, reste, from Old English rest, ræst (“rest, quiet, freedom from toil, repose, sleep, resting-place, a bed, couch, grave”), from Proto-Germanic *rast?, *rastij? (“rest”), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (“rest”). Cognate with West Frisian rêst (“rest”), Dutch rust (“rest”), German Rast (“rest”), Swedish rast (“rest”), Norwegian rest (“rest”), Icelandic röst (“rest”), Old Irish árus (“dwelling”), German Ruhe (“calm”), Albanian resht (“to stop, pause”), Welsh araf (“quiet, calm, gentle”), Lithuanian rovà (“calm”), Ancient Greek ???? (er??, “rest, respite”), Avestan ?????? (airime, “calm, peaceful”), Sanskrit ???? (rámate, “he stays still, calms down”), Gothic ????? (rimis, “tranquility”). Related to roo.
rest (countable and uncountable, plural rests)
- (uncountable, of a person or animal) Relief from work or activity by sleeping; sleep.
- (countable) Any relief from exertion; a state of quiet and relaxation.
- (uncountable) Peace; freedom from worry, anxiety, annoyances; tranquility.
- (uncountable, of an object or concept) A state of inactivity; a state of little or no motion; a state of completion.
- (euphemistic, uncountable) A final position after death.
- (music, countable) A pause of a specified length in a piece of music.
- (music, countable) A written symbol indicating such a pause in a musical score such as in sheet music.
- (physics, uncountable) Absence of motion.
- (snooker, countable) A stick with a U-, V- or X-shaped head used to support the tip of a cue when the cue ball is otherwise out of reach.
- (countable) Any object designed to be used to support something else.
- A projection from the right side of the cuirass of armour, serving to support the lance.
- A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.
- (poetry) A short pause in reading poetry; a caesura.
- The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account. Often, specifically, the intervals after which compound interest is added to capital.
- (dated) A set or game at tennis.
From Middle English resten, from Old English restan (“to rest, cease from toil, be at rest, sleep, rest in death, lie dead, lie in the grave, remain unmoved or undisturbed, be still, rest from, remain, lie”), from Proto-Germanic *rastijan? (“to rest”), from Proto-Indo-European *ros-, *res-, *erH- (“rest”). Cognate with Dutch rusten (“to rest”), Middle Low German resten (“to rest”), German rasten (“to rest”), Danish raste (“to rest”), Swedish rasta (“to rest”).
- (intransitive) To cease from action, motion, work, or performance of any kind; stop; desist; be without motion.
- (intransitive) To come to a pause or an end; end.
- (intransitive) To be free from that which harasses or disturbs; be quiet or still; be undisturbed.
- (intransitive, transitive, reflexive) To be or to put into a state of rest.
- (intransitive) To stay, remain, be situated.
- (transitive, intransitive, reflexive) To lean, lie, or lay.
- (intransitive, transitive, law, US) To complete one's active advocacy in a trial or other proceeding, and thus to wait for the outcome (however, one is still generally available to answer questions, etc.)
- (intransitive) To sleep; slumber.
- (intransitive) To lie dormant.
- (intransitive) To sleep the final sleep; sleep in death; die; be dead.
- (intransitive) To rely or depend on.
- To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
From Middle English reste, from Old French reste, from Old French rester (“to remain”), from Latin rest? (“to stay back, stay behind”), from re- + st? (“to stand”). Replaced native Middle English lave (“rest, remainder”) (from Old English l?f (“remnant, remainder”)).
- (uncountable) That which remains.
- Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.
- (Britain, finance) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.
- (obsolete) To remain.
Aphetic form of arrest.
- (obsolete, transitive, colloquial) To arrest.