From Middle English winnen, from Old English winnan (“to labour, swink, toil, trouble oneself; resist, oppose, contradict; fight, strive, struggle, rage; endure”) (compare Old English ġewinnan (“conquer, obtain, gain; endure, bear, suffer; be ill”)), from Proto-Germanic *winnaną (“to swink, labour, win, gain, fight”), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to strive, wish, desire, love”). Cognate with Low German winnen, Dutch winnen, German gewinnen, Norwegian Bokmål vinne, Norwegian Nynorsk and Swedish vinna.
win (third-person singular simple present wins, present participle winning, simple past and past participle won)
- (obsolete, transitive) To conquer, defeat.
- (transitive, intransitive) To reach some destination or object, despite difficulty or toil (now usually intransitive, with preposition or locative adverb).
- (transitive) To triumph or achieve victory in (a game, a war, etc.).
- (transitive) To gain (a prize) by succeeding in competition or contest.
- (transitive) To obtain (someone) by wooing; to make an ally or friend of (frequently with over).
- (intransitive) To achieve victory.
- (transitive) To obtain (something desired).
- (transitive) To cause a victory for someone.
- (transitive, mining) To extract (ore, coal, etc.).
From Middle English winn, winne, from Old English winn (“toil, labor, trouble, hardship; profit, gain; conflict, strife, war”), from Proto-Germanic *winną (“labour, struggle, fight”), from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (“to strive, desire, wish, love”). Cognate with German Gewinn (“profit, gain”), Dutch gewin (“profit, gain”).
win (plural wins)
- An individual victory.
- (slang) A feat carried out successfully; a victorious achievement.
- (obsolete) Gain; profit; income.
- (obsolete) Wealth; goods owned.
From Middle English winne, wunne, from Old English wynn (“joy, rapture, pleasure, delight, gladness”), from Proto-Germanic *wunjō (“joy, delight, pleasure, lust”), from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to strive, wish, desire, love”). Cognate with German Wonne (“bliss, joy, delight”), archaic Dutch wonne (“joy”), Danish ynde (“grace”), Icelandic yndi (“delight”).
win (plural wins)
- (Scotland) Pleasure; joy; delight.
- (transitive, Scotland) To dry by exposure to the wind.