From Middle English nacioun, nacion, borrowed from Old French nation, nacion, nasion (“nation”), from Latin nātiōnem, accusative of (g)nātiō (“nation, race, birth”) from (g)nātus, past participle stem of (g)nāscī (“to be born”). Displaced native Middle English theode, thede (“nation”) (from Old English þēod), Middle English burthe (“birth, nation, race, nature”), Middle English leod, leode, lede (“people, race”) (from Old English lēod). Compare Saterland Frisian Nation (“nation”), West Frisian naasje (“nation”), Dutch natie (“nation”), German Low German Natschoon (“nation”). German Nation (“nation”), Danish nation (“nation”), Norwegian Bokmål nasjon (“nation”), Norwegian Nynorsk nasjon (“nation”), Swedish nation (“nation”).
nation (plural nations)
- A historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, ethnicity and/or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
- (international law) A sovereign state.
- (chiefly historical) An association of students based on its members' birthplace or ethnicity.
- (obsolete) A great number; a great deal.
Probably short for damnation.
- (rare) Damnation.
- (rare, dialectal) Extremely, very.