From Middle English liven, libben, from Old English lifian, libban (“to live; be alive”), from Proto-Germanic *libjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leyp- (“leave, cling, linger”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian lieuwje (“to live”), West Frisian libje (“to live”), Dutch leven (“to live”), German Low German leven, lęven (“to live”), German leben (“to live”), Swedish leva (“to live”), Icelandic lifa (“to live”), Gothic ????? (liban, “to live”).
live (third-person singular simple present lives, present participle living, simple past and past participle lived)
- (intransitive) To be alive; to have life.
- (intransitive) To have permanent residence somewhere, to inhabit, to reside.
- (intransitive) To survive; to persevere; to continue.
- (intransitive, hyperbolic) To cope.
- (intransitive) To pass life in a specified manner.
- (transitive) To spend, as one's life; to pass; to maintain; to continue in, constantly or habitually.
- (transitive) To act habitually in conformity with; to practice; to exemplify in one's way of life.
- (intransitive) To outlast danger; to float (said of a ship, boat, etc).
- (intransitive, followed by "on" or "upon") To maintain or support one's existence; to provide for oneself; to feed; to subsist.
- (intransitive, informal) To make the most of life; to experience a full, rich life.
live (not comparable)
- (only used attributively) Having life; that is alive.
- Being in existence; actual
- Having active properties; being energized.
- Operational; being in actual use rather than in testing.
- Taken from a living animal.
- (engineering) Imparting power; having motion.
- (sports) Still in active play.
- (broadcasting) Seen or heard from a broadcast, as it happens.
- Of a performance or speech, in person.
- Of a recorded performance, made in front of an audience, or not having been edited after recording.
- Of firearms or explosives, capable of causing harm.
- (circuitry) Electrically charged or energized, usually indicating that the item may cause electrocution if touched.
- (poker) Being a bet which can be raised by the bettor, usually in reference to a blind or straddle.
- Featuring humans; not animated, in the phrases “live actors” or “live action”.
- Being in a state of ignition; burning.
- (obsolete) Full of earnestness; active; wide awake; glowing.
- (obsolete) Vivid; bright.
live (comparative more live, superlative most live)
- Of an event, as it happens; in real time; direct.
- Of making a performance or speech, in person.
live (plural lives)
- (obsolete) life