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From Middle English hadde (preterite), yhad (past participle), from Old English hæfde (first and third person singular preterite), ?ehæfd (past participle), from Proto-Germanic *habd-, past and past participle stem of *habjan? (“to have”), equivalent to have + -ed. Cognate with Dutch had, German hatte, Swedish hade, Icelandic hafði.
- simple past tense and past participle of have.
- (auxiliary) Used to form the pluperfect tense, expressing a completed action in the past (with a past participle).
- (auxiliary, now rare) As past subjunctive: would have.
- (obsolete) Available.