From Middle English fat, from Old English fǣtt (“fatted, fat”), from Proto-Germanic *faitidaz (“fatted”), originally the past participle of the verb *faitijaną (“to make fat”), from *faitaz (“fat”). Cognate with German feist (“fatted, plump, obese”). Related also to Saterland Frisian fat (“fat”), Dutch vet (“fat”), German fett (“fat, corpulent”), Swedish fet (“fat, oily, fatty”), Icelandic feitur (“fat”).
fat (comparative fatter, superlative fattest)
- Carrying more fat than usual on one's body; plump; not lean or thin.
- Oily; greasy; unctuous; rich; said of food.
- (obsolete) Exhibiting the qualities of a fat animal; coarse; heavy; gross; dull; stupid.
- Fertile; productive.
- Rich; producing a large income; desirable.
- Abounding in riches; affluent; fortunate.
- (dated, printing) Of a character which enables the compositor to make large wages; said of matter containing blank, cuts, or many leads, etc.
- Alternative form of phat
fat (usually uncountable, plural fats)
- (uncountable) A specialized animal tissue with a high oil content, used for long-term storage of energy.
- (countable) A refined substance chemically resembling the oils in animal fat.
- That part of an organization deemed wasteful.
- (slang) An erection.
- (golf) A poorly played shot where the ball is struck by the top part of the club head. (see also thin, shank, toe)
- The best or richest productions; the best part.
- (dated, printing) Work containing much blank, or its equivalent, and therefore profitable to the compositor.
- a fat person
fat (third-person singular simple present fats, present participle fatting, simple past and past participle fatted)
- (transitive, archaic) To make fat; to fatten.
- (intransitive, archaic) To become fat; to fatten.
From Middle English, from Old English fæt (“vat, vessel, jar, cup, casket, division”), from Proto-Germanic *fatą (“vessel”), from Proto-Indo-European *pod- (“vessel”). Cognate with Dutch vat (“barrel, vessel”), German Fass (“barrel, drum”), Swedish fat (“barrel, dish, cask”). See vat.
fat (plural fats)
- (obsolete) A large tub or vessel for water, wine, or other liquids; a cistern.
- (obsolete) A dry measure, generally equal to nine bushels.