From Middle English fayr, feir, fager, from Old English fæġer (“beautiful”), from Proto-Germanic *fagraz (“suitable, fitting, nice”), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ḱ- (“to fasten, place”). Cognate with Scots fayr, fare (“fair”), Danish feir, faver, fager (“fair, pretty”), Norwegian fager (“fair, pretty”), Swedish fager (“fair, pretty”), Icelandic fagur (“beautiful, fair”), Umbrian pacer (“gracious, merciful, kind”), Slovak pekný (“good-looking, handsome, nice”). See also peace.
fair (comparative fairer, superlative fairest)
- (archaic or literary) Beautiful, of a pleasing appearance, with a pure and fresh quality.
- Unblemished (figuratively or literally); clean and pure; innocent.
- Light in color, pale, particularly as regards skin tone but also referring to blond hair.
- Just, equitable.
- Adequate, reasonable, or decent.
- (nautical, of a wind) Favorable to a ship's course.
- Not overcast; cloudless; clear; pleasant; propitious; said of the sky, weather, or wind, etc.
- Free from obstacles or hindrances; unobstructed; unencumbered; open; direct; said of a road, passage, etc.
- (shipbuilding) Without sudden change of direction or curvature; smooth; flowing; said of the figure of a vessel, and of surfaces, water lines, and other lines.
- (baseball) Between the baselines.
- (rugby, of a catch) Taken direct from an opponent's foot, without the ball touching the ground or another player.
- (cricket, of a ball delivered by the bowler) Not a no-ball.
fair (plural fair)
- Something which is fair (in various senses of the adjective).
- (obsolete) A woman, a member of the ‘fair sex’; also as a collective singular, women.
- (obsolete) Fairness, beauty.
- A fair woman; a sweetheart.
- (obsolete) Good fortune; good luck.
fair (third-person singular simple present fairs, present participle fairing, simple past and past participle faired)
- To smoothen or even a surface (especially a connection or junction on a surface).
- To bring into perfect alignment (especially about rivet holes when connecting structural members).
- To construct or design a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline or reduce air drag or water resistance.
- (obsolete) To make fair or beautiful.
fair (comparative more fair or fairer, superlative most fair or fairest)
- clearly, openly, frankly, civilly, honestly, favorably, auspiciously, agreeably
From Old French feire, from Latin fēriae.
fair (plural fairs)
- A community gathering to celebrate and exhibit local achievements.
- An event for public entertainment and trade, a market.
- An event for professionals in a trade to learn of new products and do business, a trade fair.
- A travelling amusement park (called a funfair in British English and a (travelling) carnival in US English).