From Middle English cuppe, coppe, from Old English cuppe (“cup”), from Late Latin cuppa, probably a form of Latin cūpa (“tub”), from Proto-Indo-European *kewp- (“a hollow”). Reinforced in Middle English by Anglo-Norman cupe, from the same Latin source. Compare Saterland Frisian Kop (“cup”), West Frisian kop, Dutch kop (“cup”), German Low German Koppke, Köppke (“cup”), German Kopf (“head; top”), Danish kop, Swedish kopp.
cup (plural cups)
- A concave vessel for drinking from, usually made of opaque material (as opposed to a glass) and with a handle.
- The contents of said vessel; a cupful.
- A customary unit of measure
- (US) A US unit of liquid measure equal to 8 fluid ounces (1/16 of a US gallon; 236.5882365 mL) or 240 mL.
- (Canada) A Canadian unit of measure equal to 8 imperial ounces (1/20 imperial gallon; 227.3 mL) or 250 mL.
- (Britain, dated) A British unit of measure equal to 0.5 imperial pints (10 imperial ounces; 284 mL) or 300mL.
- A trophy in the shape of an oversized cup.
- A contest for which a cup is awarded.
- (soccer) The main knockout tournament in a country, organised alongside the league.
- (golf) A cup-shaped object placed in the target hole.
- (in combination) Any of various sweetened alcoholic drinks.
- (US, Canada) A rigid concave protective covering for the male genitalia. (for UK usage see box)
- One of the two parts of a brassiere which each cover a breast, used as a measurement of size.
- (mathematics) The symbol denoting union and similar operations (confer cap).
- A suit of the minor arcana in tarot, or one of the cards from the suit.
- (ultimate frisbee) A defensive style characterized by a three player near defense cupping the thrower; or those three players.
- A flexible concave membrane used to temporarily attach a handle or hook to a flat surface by means of suction (suction cup).
- Anything shaped like a cup.
- (medicine, historical) A cupping glass or other vessel or instrument used to produce the vacuum in cupping.
- That which is to be received or indured; that which is allotted to one; a portion of blessings and afflictions.
cup (third-person singular simple present cups, present participle cupping, simple past and past participle cupped)
- (transitive) To form into the shape of a cup, particularly of the hands.
- (transitive) To hold something in cupped hands.
- (transitive, obsolete) To supply with cups of wine.
- (transitive, surgery, archaic) To apply a cupping apparatus to; to subject to the operation of cupping.
- (transitive, engineering) To make concave or in the form of a cup.