From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, “I cut”)
comma (plural commas or commata)
- (typography) The punctuation mark ⟨,⟩ used to indicate a set off parts of a sentence or between elements of a list.
- (Romanian typography) A similar-looking subscript diacritical mark.
- (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Polygonia, having a comma-shaped white mark on the underwings, especially Polygonia c-album and Polygonia c-aureum of North Africa, Europe, and Asia.
- (music) A difference in the calculation of nearly identical intervals by different ways.
- (genetics) A delimiting marker between items in a genetic sequence.
- (rhetoric) In Ancient Greek rhetoric, a short clause, something less than a colon, originally denoted by comma marks. In antiquity it was defined as a combination of words having no more than eight syllables in all. It was later applied to longer phrases, e.g. the Johannine comma.
- (figuratively) A brief interval.
comma (third-person singular simple present commas, present participle commaing, simple past and past participle commaed)
- (rare, transitive) To place a comma or commas within text; to follow, precede, or surround a portion of text with commas.