From Middle English civil, borrowed from Old French civil, from Latin cīvīlis (“relating to a citizen”), from cīvis (“citizen”). Cognate with Old English hīwen (“household”), hīrǣden (“family”). More at hind; hird.
civil (comparative more civil, superlative most civil)
- (not comparable) Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.
- (comparable) Behaving in a reasonable or polite manner.
- (law) Relating to private relations among citizens, as opposed to criminal matters.