From Middle English chip, chippe, from Old English ċipp (“chip; small piece of wood”), from Old English *ċippian (“to cut; hew”) – attested in Old English forċippian (“to cut off”) –, from Proto-Germanic *kipp- (“to cut; carve; hack; chop”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵey- (“to split; divide; germinate; sprout”). Related to Dutch kip, keep (“notch; nick; score”), Dutch kippen (“to hatch”), German Low German kippen (“to cut; clip; trim; shorten”), German kipfen (“to chop off the tip; snip”), Old Swedish kippa (“to chop”). Compare also chop.
The formally similar Old English ċipp, ċypp, ċyp (“a beam; log; stock; post”), from Proto-Germanic *kippaz (“log; beam”), whence Old Saxon kip (“post”), Old High German kipfa, chipfa (“axle, stave”) and Old Norse keppr (“cudgel, club”), ultimately from Latin cippus (“stake; pale; post”), is a different, unrelated word.
chip (plural chips)
- A small piece broken from a larger piece of solid material.
- A damaged area of a surface where a small piece has been broken off.
- (games, gambling) A token used in place of cash.
- (slang, dated) A sovereign (the coin).
- (electronics) A circuit fabricated in one piece on a small, thin substrate.
- (electronics) A hybrid device mounted in a substrate, containing electronic circuitry and miniaturised mechanical, chemical and/or biochemical devices.
- (Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, especially in the plural) A fried strip of potato of square or rectangular cross-section; a french fry.
- (US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, especially in the plural) A thin, crisp, fried slice of potato, or sometimes another vegetable.
- (sports) A shot during which the ball travels more predominantly upwards than in a regular shot, as to clear an obstacle.
- (curling) A takeout that hits a rock at an angle.
- A dried piece of dung used as fuel.
- (New Zealand, northern) A receptacle, usually for strawberries or other fruit.
- (cooking) A small, near-conical piece of food added in baking.
- A small rectangle of colour printed on coated paper for colour selection and matching. A virtual equivalent in software applications.
- (nautical) The triangular piece of wood attached to the log line.
- (historical) Wood or Cuban palm leaf split into slips, or straw plaited in a special manner, for making hats or bonnets.
- (archaic, derogatory) Anything dried up, withered, or without flavour.
- (golf) A low shot that travels further along the ground than it does in the air.
From Middle English chippen, from Old English *ċippian (“to cut; hew”) – attested in Old English forċippian (“to cut off”) –, from Proto-Germanic *kipp- (“to cut; carve; hack; chop”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵey- (“to split; divide; germinate; sprout”). Related to Dutch kippen (“to hatch”), German Low German kippen (“to cut; clip; trim; shorten”), German kipfen (“to chop off the tip; snip”), Old Swedish kippa (“to chop”). Compare also chop.
chip (third-person singular simple present chips, present participle chipping, simple past and past participle chipped)
- (transitive) To chop or cut into small pieces.
- (transitive) To break small pieces from.
- (transitive, sports) To play a shot hitting the ball predominantly upwards rather than forwards.
- (transitive, sports) In association football, specifically, to play a shot on goal by kicking the ball in an arc, over the goalkeeper's reach. (Such shots are often played in a mostly horizontal direction, particularly when taken from distance). In this usage, the opposing goalkeeper is often the direct object of the verb.
- (transitive, automotive) to upgrade an engine management system, usually to increase power.
- (intransitive) To become chipped.
- (intransitive, card games, often with "in") To ante (up).
- (transitive, informal) To fit (an animal) with a microchip.
- (Britain, transitive, often with "in") to contribute.
- (also, to chip at) to make fun of