From Middle English care, from Old English caru, ċearu (“care, concern, anxiety, sorrow, grief, trouble”), from Proto-Germanic *karō (“care, sorrow, cry”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵeh₂r- (“shout, call”). Cognate with Old Saxon cara, kara (“concern, action”), Middle High German kar (“sorrow, lamentation”), Icelandic kör (“sickbed”), Gothic ???? (kara, “concern, care”). Related also to Dutch karig (“scanty”), German karg (“sparse, meagre, barren”), Latin garriō, Ancient Greek γῆρυς (gêrus). See also chary.
care (countable and uncountable, plural cares)
- (obsolete) Grief, sorrow.
- Close attention; concern; responsibility.
- Maintenance, upkeep.
- The treatment of those in need (especially as a profession).
- The state of being cared for by others.
- The object of watchful attention or anxiety.
Middle English caren, carien, from Old English carian (“to sorrow, grieve, be troubled, be anxious, to care for, heed”), from Proto-Germanic *karōną (“to care”). Cognate with Middle High German karn (“to complain, lament, grieve, mourn”), Alemannic German karen, kären (“to groan, wheeze, give a death rattle”), Swedish kära (“to fall in love”), Icelandic kæra (“to care, like”), Gothic ????? (karōn, “to be concerned”).
care (third-person singular simple present cares, present participle caring, simple past and past participle cared)
- (transitive, intransitive) To be concerned about, have an interest in.
- (intransitive) To look after; used with for.
- (intransitive) To be mindful of something. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
- (intransitive, polite, formal) To want; to be inclined towards.