Mid 16th century, via Middle French, from Latin bīlis (“bile”).
bile (usually uncountable, plural biles)
- (biochemistry) A bitter brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow secretion produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and discharged into the duodenum where it aids the process of digestion.
- bitterness of temper; ill humour; irascibility.
- Two of the four humours, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
Akin to Dutch buil and German Beule.
bile (plural biles)
- (obsolete) A boil (kind of swelling).
bile (third-person singular simple present biles, present participle biling, simple past and past participle biled)
- Eye dialect spelling of boil.